The Tarim River originates from the conflux of the Aksu River of Tianshan Mountain, the Yerqiang River of Kunlun Mountains and Hetian River. It covers an area of 19.8 square kilometers and ends at the Taitema Lake. It is the largest inland river in China, running 2,179 kilometers, and it is also the fifth largest river in the world.
It runs from the west to the east through the northern part of the Tarim Basin. Most of its upper reaches flow through desert. Its water comes from the thaw on the ice mountain, full of sand and runs very rapidly. So it is called a reinless wild horse. Since the river course is of much sand, the Tarim River changes its way frequently, resulting in alleviation in the middle part. It meanders forward with many branches, where grow thick bulrushes and float grasses, making a fantastic maze on the water.
There is a 1,600-meter concrete bridge across the river, which has as many as 80 holes. There are many irrigation facilities in the region. Along the banks, prosperous poplar forest makes a natural green corridor, which is the production base of cotton, grains, mulberry, and fruit in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, reputed as the a land flowing with milk and honey north of the Great Wall. In addition, drifting in the Tarim River has always been appealing to adventure seekers.