Yueyang, a bright pearl beside the Dongting
Lake, is an important historical and cultural city in the Yangtze River valley.
It learns on Mufu Mountain to
the east, faces the Dongting Lake to the west, borders the Yangtze River to the
north, and connects the Xiang, Zi, Yuan and Li rivers to the south. With beautiful
scenery, pleasant climate, fertile lands and rich products, Yueyang is reputed
as the Land Flowing with Milk and Honey. It has now been listed as a Grade-A
tourist city open to the outside, and is the hometown of the world dragon race
Yueyang is the only port along Yangtze River in Hunan
Province, a center of the small triangle comprising Wuhan, Changsha and Sanxia,
and the big triangle comprising East China, Southwest China and South China, and
a transportation pivot in eastern China. Transportation on the Yangtze River can
lead you to the southwestern border area upstream via Chongqing, and facilitate
you to travel across the oceans downstream via Shanghai. The economy in Yueyang
holds an important position in China. In June 1992, Yueyang was proclaimed as an
open city along the Yangtze River.
The famous Yueyang Pavilion, located at the
western city gate of Yueyang, is one of the three noted pavilions south of the
lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China. It is said that the pavilion was
once the parade terrace where Lu Su, a general of the Wu State in the Three
Kingdoms Period (220-280), trained the navy. When rebuilt in 1045, Fang Zhongyan
was invited to write a poem in memory of the event. In his poem, Fang described
the beauty of the structure and indicated his concern about the country and
people. The poem was applauded and won the pavilion great fame.
More than 800 years ago, Huang Tingjian, a
celebrated poet of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), also wrote a poem for the
Yueyang Pavilion when he visited here.