Harbin, the capital city of Heilongjiang
Province, is located in the central part of the Songneng Plain, on the west bank
of the Songhuajiang River. It is the center of politics, economy, science and
technology, and culture, and the transportation pivot. Its unique history and
geological location endows Harbin, a beautiful city with exotic sentiment, with
historical culture of northern ethnic minority groups as well as Chinese and
foreign cultures, and makes it a famous historical and cultural city and tourist
destination in China. The city is reputed as the City of Rivers, the City of
Rice, the Pearl on Swan's Nape, and the Oriental Moscow.
Harbin is located between 45กใ45'-46กใ20'
north latitude and 126กใ15~127กใ30' east longitude, and has the continental
monsoon climate in the temperate zone with long winters and short summers. The
Harbin Ice and Snow Festival is a world-renowned winter tourist item.
Covering an area of 56,579 square kilometers
with an urban area of 1,637 square meters, Harbin features low and plain, with
average altitude of 150 to 200 meters. Under its jurisdiction there are seven
districts, namely Nangang District, Daoli District, Dongli District, Xiangfang
District, Taiping District, Daowai District and Pingfang District, and 12
counties and county-level cities, namely Acheng City, Shangzhi City, Hulan
County, Shuangcheng County, Binxian County, Fangzheng County, Yilan County,
Bayan County, Wuchang County, Mulan County, Yanshou County and Tonghe County.
Harbin has charming and gentle natural
scenery and clearly demarcated seasons, and famous places of interest there
include the Sun Island, the Northeast Tiger Zoo, the Stalin Park on the bank of
the Songhuajiang River, Songfeng Mountain, Erlong Mountain, the Yuquan Gameland
and so on are famous tourist attractions. Harbin is also one of the birthplaces
of the world's ice and snow culture, and its Yabuli Mountain Skee Center, the
Zhaoling Park Ice Lantern Show, winter swimming in the Songhuajiang River, snow
sculpture, and ice and snow sightseeing have gained fame far and wide in the
world. Besides, the Harbin Summer Concert and annual China Harbin Trade Fair are
also known home and abroad.
The official flower in Harbin is clove, so
the city is also called as the City of Clove.