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Kashgar, known as "the Pearl of the Silk Road", is a state-level historical and cultural city. Bordering the Taklamakan Desert to the east, Karakoram Mountain to the south, the Pamir to the west, Kashgar neighbors with Tadzhikistan, Kirghizstan, Pakistan, Afghanistan and India.

The four seasons in Kashigar are clearly demarcated. It is neither hot in summer nor cold in winter.

Kashigar is one of the oldest oases in the west of the Tarim Basin with a cultivated land area of 6 million mu (1 mu = 1/15 hectare), and undeveloped land area of 18 million mu, 12 million of which is easy to cultivate. Kashigar is called lush south scenery beyond the Great Wall with good harvests of wheat, maize, cotton and rice. Being one of the biggest regional producers of cotton and wheat for commodity, Kashigar is also well known as the village of fruits with large produce of almond, pear, apple, grape, fig, and nut, etc.

Endowed by nature with desert, glacier and mountains, Kashigar attracts lots of tourists home and abroad. The most famous historic sites are the Id Kah Mosque and Id Kah Square, the geographic and religious center of Kashgar, the Tomb of Abakh Hoja (also known as the Tomb of Xiangfei), a magnificent mosque-like complex as well as the Tomb of Mahmud Kashguri, all of which fully demonstrate the unique characteristics of the Uygur culture. Culture, customs and scenic spots in Kashigar are typical throughout the whole region of Xinjiang, therefore the saying goes that only after coming to Kashigar can one claim that he has been to Xinjiang.

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