Some 188 kilometers
north of the capital city of Jiangsu Province -- Nanjing and 135 kilometers
northeast of Lianyungang, Huai'an City lies in the hinterland of north Jiangsu.
With Yancheng City to its south, Anhui Province to its west and its southwest,
Lianyungang City, Xuzhou City and the newly established Suqian City to its
north, Huai'an is reputed as the No.1 City of Southeast China.
Huai'an lies to the
west of the ancient Huaihe River. The whole area of the city belongs to the
conjunctive area of the Huanghuai Plain and the Jianghui Plain. With the Wandong
Hills standing in its southwest and the Hongze Lake located within its
territory, Huai'an sees the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal running through
Huai'an is the cradle
of famous persons. It is the hometown of Premier Zhou Enlai, the militarist Han
Xin, Han Dynasty poet Mei Cheng, the female hero Liang Hongyu, the author of
the Pilgrim to the West Wu Cheng'en, the patriotic general Guan
Tianpei, the author Travels of Lao Ts'an Liu E. There are many historic
sites, such as the former residences, the memorial hall of Zhou Enlai, Laozi
Mountain, the Mausoleums of Zhu Yuanzhang, his father and his grandfather in the
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Huai'an was proclaimed a national historical
and cultural city by the State Council in 1986.