The Site of the Zunyi Conference is
located at No. 80, Hongqi Road, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province. In 1955, the
Memorial of Zunyi Conference was built here. In 1964, Mao Zedong inscribed the
name of the memorial.
The site is a two-storeyed wood-and-brick
building built in the 1930s. It was originally the private mansion of Bai
Huizhang, a warlord and the Commander of the Second Division, No.25 Army of Qian
(Guizhou Province) Army. There is a corridor on the first floor, and the floors
have colonnades on all sides. The building is 25.75 meters wide, 16.95 meters
deep, and 16.95 meters high, and covers an area of 528 square meters.
In early January of 1935, the First Army of
the Red Army arrived in Zunyi after the Long March. From January 15 to 17, the
Central Government held the Extended Conference of the Political Bureau, also
called Zunyi Conference, here. It animadverted the Left opportunism in the Fifth
Anti Encirclement Campaign and at the beginning of the Long March. It confirmed
the military principles of Mao Zedong, and elected him a member of the Standing
Committee of the Political Bureau. It replaced the top commanding right of Bo Gu
and Li De with the Central Commanding Group consisting of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai
and Wang Jiaxiang. Zunyi Conference is an important event in the history of the
Communist Party of China. It saved the party, the Red Army and the revolution.
It is a vital turning point in the history.
The meeting room of the conference is a
rectangular hall on the second floor in the east, covering 27 square meters. In
the west wall there are some windows, and two closets against the east wall with
a clock hanging on it. In the middle of the hall there is a rectangular table
surrounded by a circle of foldable chairs. In the building there are the former
residences and offices of Zhou Enlai, Vice Chairman of the Central Military
Committee, Zhu De, Commander in Chief of the Red Army, Liu Bocheng, General
Chief of Staff, Ye Jianying, Chief of Staff, Peng Dehuai, Commander of the Third
Corps, and Yang Shangkun, the Comissar, etc.