The Site of the Jintian Uprising is
at Jintian Village, which is 24 kilometers away north of Guiping County in the
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864), the leader of the
uprising, was born in a farmer's family in Huaxian County in Guangdong Province.
He developed and solidified the organization called Baishangdi (to worship the
God) Society. They carried out a variety of activities against the imperialism
and feudalism in the form of religion. On January 11, 1851, the thirtieth
birthday of Hong Xiuquan, the society gathered at Jintian Village. Hong Xiuquan
announced the commencement of the armed uprising there. He named his kingdom as
the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The revolutionary movement of the farmers started
in a grand scale.
The uprising army established the leading
organization at the home of Wei Changhui, an important leader in the early days
of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. At Wei Changhui's home, they also made the iron
weapons secretly. The headquarters of the uprising army was established at the
Xiniuling Campsite to the west of Jintian Village. In front of the campsite was
the drill ground, and on the north of it was Xiniutan Pond, where the weapons
were hidden. The command post of Taiping Army was located at the Sanjie Temple
at Xinyu, 4 kilometers to the south of Jintian Village, where Hong Xiuquan
commanded the War of Breakout at Xinyu. The historical data of the uprising is
displayed in the temple.