The Nantong Textile Museum, located at Nantong City of Jiangsu Province, is the first special museum of textile in China. Nantong, the base of the modern national industry of cotton spinning and weaving and one of the birthplaces of technical education of spinning and weaving, was a well-known land of hand-woven cloth a hundred years ago. The museum was completed and opened to the public in October 1985.
The museum, covering a total area of 18,000 square meters with the floor space of 4,500 square meters, is composed of two parts, the main building and the auxiliary building. The main building consists of six exhibition halls, a storeroom for exhibits and offices. The buildings are in the style of Chinese national halls. The halls are separated from each other with courtyards but joined together with passageways and corridors. The courtyards are decorated with murals, sculptures, flowers and trees, and rockeries so that visitors can have a feeling of touring around a garden. In the auxiliary building, models are used to restore the historical features of cotton planting, production of hand-woven cloth, commercial transactions and modern textile workshops at the end of the Ming Dynasty (1644-1911) and the beginning of the Republic of China.
Most of the historical relics and historical data collected in the museum are local ones. Comparatively speaking, the pottery spinning wheel unearthed at Qingdun of Hai'an, the report of Zhang Jian's success of winning the title of Zhuangyuan (conferred to the one who came first in the highest imperial examination) in 1894, and the stock shares, account books, trade marks and products of the early stage of Dasheng Textile Mill are more precious. The samples of the contemporary textiles are the products of the textile mills all over China that have won the gold or silver medal. The basic exhibitions of the museum are the Best Textiles of China, the History of Textile in Nantong and the Samples of Contemporary Outstanding Textiles.