Shandong (literally means east of
mountain) takes its name from its location to the east of the Taihang Mountains.
It is situated on the eastern coast of China, in the lower Yellow River valley.
The Shandong Peninsula in the east protrudes between the Bohai Sea and the
Huanghai Sea from the land mass and faces the Liaodong Peninsula in the north
across the Bohai Straits, forming the maritime outpost of the nation's capital,
Beijing. Situated 34"25"-38"23" north latitude and 114"36"-112"43" east
longitude, the province has an area of 153,000 square kilometers, of which 55%
Shandong has a warm-temperate monsoonal
climate, with hot, rainy summers and dry, sunny winters. It has a mean annual
temperature of 10.5oC-13.5oC -- the hottest month, July, averaging 24-27oC and
the coldest month, January, -4-1oC -- and a mean annual precipitation of 550-950
Administrative Division and
It is divided into 17 prefecture-level
cities, 31 county-level cities and 61 counties, with a population of 90.79
million by 2000.
Lu Cuisine (Shandong Cuisine) is one of the
Eight Great Cuisines in China.
L¨¹ Opera, Shandong Kuaishu (singing and reciting, an art genre of
Local Special Products
Renowned traditional local products include
clocks and watches of Yantai, porcelain of Zibo, kites of Weifang, shell carving
and beer of Qingdao.
Shandong Province is called Lu for short.
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops. It usually
ranks first or second in production output. Shandong is also well known for its
tobacco, fruit, peanuts, tussah silks, meat, and marine products. Its major
mineral deposits include coal, petroleum, iron, aluminium, and gold. The coastal
area is abundant in fish and salt. Shandong's industry covers oil extraction,
processing, machinery, electric power, chemicals, foodstuff, textile, arts and
crafts, and papermaking, etc.
With railway as its mainstay of transport,
Shandong is one of the provinces with the most dense highway network. It has
seaports like Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, and Rizhao, etc. Major cities are Jinan,
Qufu, Qingdao, Yantai, Weifang, and Zibo.
Shandong is rich in historical and cultural
resources, and gifted with beautiful landscapes, with 157 cultural relics
preservation sites under the state protection. Among its famous scenic spots and
historical sides are Taishan Mountain, Laoshan Mountain, the Lingyan Temple,
seaside of Jiaodong Peninsular, Confucius Family Mansion, Confucius Woods and
Temple in Qufu, etc. Qufu and Jinan cities are famous historical and cultural
cities in the world. Jinan, capital of Shandong Province, is known as the City
of Springs with the famous Daming Lake and at least 72 famous