Xinjiang was set up as an autonomous region on
October 1, 1955. It has an area of more than 1.66 million square kilometers, one
sixth of the total size of China and larger than any other province or
Situated deep in the interior of Asia and
not penetrated by the air currents from the oceans, the Xinjiang Uygur
Autonomous Region has conspicuous continental climate, with highly changeable
temperature, great difference in temperature between day and night, abundant
sunshine, intense evaporation and little precipitation. The mean annual
temperature of Xinjiang is 11.7oC -- the hottest month, July, averaging about
25oC and the coldest month, January, -20oC in the north) and -10oC in the south
-- and a mean annual precipitation of 150 mm.
Administrative Division and
It is divided into 2
prefecture-level cities, 5 districts, 5 autonomous prefectures, 14 county-level cities,
61 counties and 6 autonomous counties with a population of 19.25 million by
2000, of which 5 million are the Uygurs, the principal minority group there, the rest are
the Hans, Kazaks, Mongolians, Huis, Xibes, Kirgizes, Ozbeks, Tajiks, Russians,
Manchus, Daurs and Tatars.
Baked Full Goat, Baked Baozi, Pellicle
Baozi, Kebab, Braised Jemmy and Goat's Hoof, Youtazi (Oil Pagoda),
The Uygur dances, such as the "Bowls-on-Head
Dance", "Drum Dance", "Iron Ring Dance", "Puta Dance" and "Sainaim Dance". Uygur
musical instruments, such as the Dutar, strummed Rawap and Dap.
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xin
for short) is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
Surrounded by lofty mountains, Xinjiang is
known far and wide as the home of fruits and melons. Its main agricultural
produces include wheat, corn, cotton and plenty of fruit like Hami melon, grape,
fig, Ili apple, etc. Being one of China's five major pastoral areas, it has
advanced livestock breeding. It also has rich resources of petroleum, bowlder,
gold and nonferrous metals
Xinjiang is well known for the expanse of its area and
richness of natural resources, as well for its wonderful scenic spots and enchanting
spectacles of nature. Many "mosts" of China are found in Xinjiang -- the
driest, hottest, and coldest places are in Xinjiang, and China's longest inland river, lowest
land and greatest desert are here as well. Here the tourist can
see a most spectacular and engrossing topography of the world, locally known as
"Yadan". The longest inland river, The Turpan Basin is the second lowest land on the
earth next to the Dead Sea in Jordon, while the Mount Qogir, 8,611 meters above
sea level, is second in height only to the Mount Everest.
Historical and cultural tourism in Xinjiang
is most attractive for its unique charm. The Silk Road, which runs across
Xinjiang horizontally, is known to the whole world. Xinjiang is endowed with 236
ancient cultural sites, tombs, architectures, Buddhist caves, stone sculptures,
and modern commemorative monuments of historical, artistic, and scientific
value. Within the territory of Xinjiang, there are a number of ancient city
ruins such as Gaochang Ancient City, City Site in State of Loulan, and the Site
of Niya. The region has established 22 nature reserves.
Vast in area, Xinjiang has various types of geographical conditions
and multitude of regional and ethical cultures. Its scenic spots and historical sites
include the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan Mountain, the Flaming Mountains of Turpan,
the Mosque in Kaxi, etc.
Xinjiang is also a region of many minority groups in
China, and its people is known far and wide for being excellent at singing and