Guizhou Province, a province
with many ethnic groups on the eastern section of the Yunnan-Guizhou
Plateau in southwestern China, has an area of more than 170,000 square
kilometers. It is situated 103'37"-109'32" east longitude and 24'37"-29'13"
north latitude. Owing to folds, faults and erosion, the plateau is intersected
with mountains, hills, basins and valleys, giving it a very rugged topography.
In many areas, limestone is found with numerous caverns and underground
Guizhou has a humid, sub-tropical monsoonal
climate with warm winters, mild summers and unclear seasonal contrasts. It has a
mean annual temperature of 14กใ-16oC, and a mean annual precipitation of
1,100-1,400 mm. It has more overcast days than any other part of the country,
the area around Guiyang averaging 220 cloudy days a year.
Administrative Division and
It is divided into 4 prefecture-level
cities, 2 districts, 3 autonomous prefectures, 9 county-level cities, 56
counties, 11 autonomous counties and 2 special zones, with a population of 35.25
million as of 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Miao, Bouyei, Dong,
Yi, Shui, Hui, Gelo, Zhuang, Yao, Manchu and Bai.
Guizhou Cuisine is characterized as spicy
and savory. Special dishes include noodles with intestines, Yelang dough fish,
Tangyuan (dumplings made of glutinous rice flour), and steamed (or fried)
glutinous rice paste wrapped in lotus leaves, etc.
Qian Opera, Huadeng (Flower Lantern) Opera, operas
of Dong and Bouyei ethnic minorities.
Guizhou Province, known as Qian for
short, is situated in the southwest of China.
In the fields of agriculture
and by-products, there are mainly paddy rice, maize, rapeseed, tobacco; and the
outputs of tung oil, oil tea, Chinese Tallow, raw lacquer, tea and traditional
Chinese medicinal materials have occupied a predominant position in the domestic
market. In the field of industries, priorities are given to the development of
iron and steel, coal, metallurgy, chemical, machinery, electricity, cigarette
and papermaking industries.
The landforms with widely dispersed karst
topography in Guizhou Province have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
Places of historic interest and scenic beauty include the Yellow Fruit Tree
Waterfall (Huangguoshu Waterfall), the Anshun Water Cave of Dragon Palace, the
Gold-Knit Cave, Red Maple Lake, Flower Stream, and the Lesser Seven-Arched
Scenic Site, some of which have been listed as cultural relics preservation
sites under the state protection.
a multinational province, the colorful costumes and custom of the ethnic
minority groups attract visitors far and wide, for instance, group dance of the
Yi people, wine song and bronze drum of the Bouyei people, and festivals like the
March 3 Festival (in Chinese lunar calendar), the Torch Festival, and the Dragon Boat