Situated 20'54"-26'23" north latitude
and 104'29"-112'13" east longitude, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the
west of South China covers an area of more than 236,000 square kilometers. Rocky
mountains make up more than two thirds of the region's total area.
Crossed by the Tropic of Cancer in the
central part, Guangxi has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate with long summers and
warm winters, plentiful rainfall, and frequent rainstorms and typhoons in summer
and autumn. It has a mean annual temperature of 17-23oC -- the hottest month,
July, averaging 23-28oC and the coldest month, January, 6-15oC -- and a mean
annual precipitation of 1,300-2,400 mm.
Administrative Division and
It is divided into 5
districts, 9 prefecture-level cities, 10 county-level cities, 59 counties and
12 autonomous counties, with a population of 44.89 million by 2000. The Zhuang has
the large population among China's ethnic minorities, and it is in Guangxi that
more than 90% of the Zhuangs (11.6 million) live. Other ethnic groups in the
region include the Han, Yao, Miao, Dong, Mulam, Maonan, Hui, Kinh, Yi, and
Guangxi cuisine is light, but not as light
as Cantonese food; it is spicy, but not as spicy as Sichuan cuisine. It is most
renowned for its unique treatment of venison. It also includes snake, mountain
tortoise and pigeon. Its special dishes include Guilin Marou Mifen (rice-flour
noodles with minted horse meat), dog hot pot.
Gui Opera, Zhuang Opera, Bronze-drum Dance
and Long-drum Dance of the Yao ethnic minority, Lusheng Dance of the Miao ethnic
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui
for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the
Qin Dynasty (221-206BC). Guangxi boasts a vast land of forest. Good climate and
geographical location enables Guangxi to have as many as over 8,000 tree
species, including precious ones like Cathay silver fir.
Guangxi abounds in minerals, crops and
waterpower, rice, sugar cane, peanut, grapefruit, lichee, longan, pear and
banana, etc. It is also rich in wild animal resources, with about 38 breeds of
rare ones under the state protection.
Guangxi is a place renowned for its
picturesque scenery. For the visitor, the great appeal of Guangxi is its karst
limestone topography that creates the stunning scenery of jagged green mountains
beside clear blue waters. The places of interest here are the Lijiang River, the
Reed Flute Cave, the Seven Star Park, the Folded Brocade Hill (Diecai Shan), the
Wind and Rain Bridge and the Mapang Drum Tower of the Dong ethnic minority, etc.
There are also lots of other historical relics such as the Site of the Taiping
Heavenly Kingdom. Guilin and Yangshuo are exceptionally beautiful areas in