Hubei Province lies in the
middle reach of the Yangtze River with an area of 186,000 square kilometers. Situated
108'21"-116'07" east longitude and 29'05"-33'20" north latitude, it got its name
from being in the north of the Dongting Lake. The terrain of Hubei Province is
high in the west and low in the east and wide open to the south, the Jianghan
Plain. The province neighbors Henan Province to the north, Jiangxi and Hunan
provinces to the south, Anhui Province to the east, Sichuan Province to the west
and Shaanxi Province to the northwest.
Hubei has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate,
with a mean annual temperature of 15oC-17oC -- the hottest month, July,
averaging 27-30oC and the coldest month, January, 1-5oC -- and a mean annual
precipitation of 800-1600 mm.
Administrative Division and
is divided into 1 autonomous prefecture, 12
prefecture-level cities, 24 county-level cities, 39 counties, 2 autonomous counties
and one forest district, with a population of 60.28 million as of 2000, mainly
including ethnic groups of Han, Tu, Miao, Hui, Dong, Manchu, Zhuang, and
An important feature of Hubei food is its
blending of fish with other ingredients, including Steamed Blunt-Snout Bream,
Dried Sheets of Bean Curd, and Boiled Dumpling, etc.
Han Opera, Chu Opera, Huangmeixi
(opera-style), acrobatics, and the art of singing and storytelling such as
Pingshu, Dagu, etc.
Hubei Province is called E for short,
with Wuhan as its provincial capital. It is rich in agriculture, forestry and
hydropower resources. Agriculture and fishery are well developed in Hubei, with
such main products like paddy rice, wheat, ramie, cotton, silk, tea, orange,
fish, and vegetable oil, the outputs of which are among the top of the country.
Its main industries include iron and steel, machinery, power and automobile.
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand
Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources. The main
places of historic interest and scenic beauty include the Three Gorges of the
Yangtze River, the East Lake and the Yellow Crane Tower in Wuhan, ancient
Longzhong (a strategic place of importance in ancient time) in Wuhan City, the
Temple of Emperor Yan in Suizhou, the Hometown of Quyuan in Zigui, Wudang
Mountain (famous for martial arts), Jiugong Mountain and Shennongjia (a place of
primitive forest), etc.