Henan, an agricultural province, lies
in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River. Situated 110"22"-116"38" east
longitude and 31"23"-36"22" north latitude, it covers an area of more than
167,000 square kilometers.
Henan has a continental climate of the North
Temperate Zone, with hot, rainy summers, dry, inclement winters and windy
springs. It has a mean temperature of 13oC-15oC, increasing from north to south,
an annual frost-free period of 6-8 months, and a mean annual precipitation of
600-900 mm., also increasing from north to south.
Administrative Division and
is divided into 17 prefecture-level cities,
21 county-level cities and 89 counties, with a population of 92.56 million
as of 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Hui, Mongolia, and
Liyu Beimian (Carp Covered with Baked
Noodles in Sweet and Sour Sauce), Luoyang Shuixi (Feast Characterized by Its
Soup in Luoyang Style), Songgong Miangao (Pastry Originating From the Imperial
Palace of the Song Dynasty), etc.
Yuju (Henan Opera) is the most important
opera genre; other operas include Quju, Yue Diao, and Henan Zhuizi, etc.
Special Local Products
The traditional specialties are Henan
embroidery in Kaifeng, Maojian Tea in Xinyang and Dukang Wine in
Yu is the shortened form of Henan Province,
with Zhenzhou as the provincial capital.
Henan (South of the River) gets its name from
its geographic characteristic -- the greater part of the province is lying
south of the Yellow River. Being one of the earliest developed regions in the
country, it was a political and cultural center in ancient China. In the remote
past, China was divided into nine geographical regions, and Henan was called the
"Central Region" or "Central Plain" because it was situated in the middle of the
nine regions. During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Kaifeng of Henan was not only
the political, economic and cultural center, but also one of the most prosperous
Henan has highly developed agriculture and
industries. Its agricultural products of wheat, cotton, tobacco, sesame and
peanut are among the most important in the whole country. Its output of coal and
petroleum holds an important position in China.
Henan, holding a very important position in
Chinese history, abounds in tourist resources. The places of interest include
Songshan Mountain, Jigong Mountain, the Imperial Mausoleum of the Eastern Zhou
Dynasty (770-256BC), the White Horse Temple in Luoyang, the Longmen Grotto, the
Chancellor Temple in Kaifeng, the Shaolin Temple in Dengfeng, the Zhongyue
Temple and so on.
Luoyang City of Henan is a renowned historic
city, which was once the capital of 13 dynasties. It is recognized as the
Capital of Poems for its abundance in literati and the Capital of Flowers for
its typical flower peony.