Jiangxi Province lies in the
southeastern part of China, on the southern bank of the middle reaches of the
Yangtze River. Situated 24"29"-30"05" north latitude and 113"34"-118"28" east
longitude, it has an area of more than 160,000 square kilometers. It is bordered
by hills and mountains, with the land generally sloping towards the Poyang Lake
in the north. Hills and mountains exceed 60% of the province's total area,
mainly lying in the west, east and south.
Jiangxi has a sub-tropical climate, warm and
humid. It has a mean annual temperature of 16oC-20oC -- the hottest month, July,
averaging 28-30oC and the coldest month, January, 4-9oC -- and a mean annual
precipitation of 1,300-1,800 mm.
Administrative Division and
is divided into 11 prefecture-level cities,
10 county-level cities and 70 counties, with a population of 41,40 million
by 2000, mainly ethnic groups of Han, Miao, Hui, Yao and She.
Crunchy candy, stone fish, rock tripe, and
Ganju (Jiangxi Opera), Tea-Picking
Jiangxi (literally means west of river),
called Gan for short, lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is
named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
Jiangxi Province is rich in mineral deposits. Tungsten
ore, copper ore, lead ore, zinc ore, and rock salt are the main minerals
in the province. It is a major producer of rice, mandarin orange, tea and
freshwater fish. The province is also famous for its local traditional products:
china made in Jingdezhen, porcelain pictures made in Nanchang, Qianshan bamboo
handcraft, tealeaves from Lushan Mountain, and bamboo shoots in Jinggang
Jiangxi Province has many beautiful
mountains, rivers and historical relics. Lushan Mountain, Sanqing Mountain, and
Longhu Mountain are among the most famous mountains in China. It is a province
with glorious revolutionary history; its places of historic interest include
Jinggang Mountain, Ruijin, Nanchang and Anyuan. Lushan Mountain, famous for its
elegance, steepness and oddness, with its main peak at 1,474 meters above sea
level on the lakeshore, is a famous tourist spot. The Bailu Academy was one of
the Four Great Academies of Classical Learning in the past.
The highlight of Jiangxi travel should be
Jingdezhen, which is known as the "Capital of Porcelain" in China. Porcelains
were produced here as early as 1,800 years ago in the Eastern Han Dynasty
(25-220). Today, Jingdezhen remains a national center of porcelain