Lying in the northernmost part of
northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
It is situated 121'13"-135'06" east longitude and 43'26"-53'34" north latitude
with an area of 469,000 square kilometers. Boasting plenty of rivers, it has
over 1,700 rivers, each of which is more than 10 kilometers long. Most of its
land is 50-200 meters above sea level.
Heilongjiang has a cold-temperate
continental climate and a mean annual temperature of 3oC to -2oC -- the lowest
temperature can reach -52.3oC, and a mean annual precipitation of 300-700 mm. It
has warm, rainy summers with long hours of sunshine, and freezingly cold and
Administrative Division and
is divided into 1 district, 12 prefecture-level
cities, 19 county-level cities, 46 counties and 1 autonomous county,
with a population of 36.89 million as of 2000, mainly including ethnic
groups of Han, Manchu, Korean, Hui, Mongolian, Daur, Hezhen, Oroqen and
Heilongjiang dishes features venison, such
as roasted dog meat, fork cooked wild pig meat, braised deer-tail, and Flying
Ice sculpture, Longjiang Opera, etc.
Heilongjiang Province is called Hei for
short, with Harbin as its provincial capital. With expanse of flatland and wide
areas of fertile black soil, it is one of China's major commodity grain growers.
Named after its largest river, its land area includes the country's largest oil
Heilongjiang is one of principal areas of
land reclamation and cultivation in China. Its main crops include wheat,
soybeans, beet, flax and sunflower which all occupy a significant position in
China. It is abundant in forest and land resources and its soil is fertile.
Among minerals, coal, petroleum, gold, and graphite all hold key positions in
China. Heilongjiang is also China's most important base of forestry, ranking
No.1 in both timber reserve and production. The Greater and Lesser Hinggan
Mountains are its major forest area.
The main industries comprise machine
building, coal, petroleum and timber processing, in addition to papermaking,
beet-sugar refinery, petrochemicals, flax-textiles, power-generating equipment,
industrial boilers, etc. Harbin, Qiqihaer, Jiamusi and Mudanjiang are its major
industrial centers. Daqing is one of China's most important bases of petroleum
Heilongjiang Province is blessed with a
variety of unique tourist attractions, including the Wudalian Pond, an
internationally known natural volcanic park; the Jingbo Lake, China's largest
alpine dammed lake; the vast Xingkai Lake stretching over China and Russia; the
Manchurian Crane Sanctuary, well known inside and outside of China; a beautiful,
scenic forest under a volcanic crater; and the Polar Village, where the
mysterious aurora borealis can be observed. Harbin's annual Snow Festival adds
charm to the beautiful northern landscape with the perfect harmony of its
natural ice and snow scenery and the exquisite man-made ice
The boundless great plain, the magnificent
forests, snow-bound mountains, countless precious wild animals like swan
red-crowned crane, Northeast Tiger, and Northeast Leopard as well as the unique
local culture are attracting thousands of tourists home and abroad.