Hu Zhengyan (1580 - 1671) was a famous
painter, artist, and bookman in the late period of the Ming
Dynasty (1368-1644). He was excellent at seal
cutting, drawing, and ink making, and made tremendous contributions to the
experiment and promotion of dou ban yin shua (watercolor block printing
Ten Bamboo Studio Manual of
His book, Ten Bamboo Studio Manual of Painting, a late Ming period color
woodblock-printed painting manual, became the epoch-making work in printing
history. This book was divided into 8 sections and each section had about 40
illustrations, with each illustration accompanied by a poetic text.
Ten Bamboo Studio Manual, another one of Hu's books, is more delicate and
colorful than the Ten Bamboo Studio Manual of Painting. In this book, Hu used
the gong hua (blanked stamping) technology, which was also invented by him.