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Fu, Lu and Shou, Three Stars of Blessings, Prosperity and Longevity

Fu, Lu, and Shou are three "gods" that are sometimes called the "Three Stars." Separately, they may be called Fu Xing, Lu Xing, and Shou Xing, with "Xing" meaning "star." The three gods -- legendary stars of blessings, prosperity, and longevity -- have been popular among people for centuries, which show the traditional culture of the Chinese people who long for happiness, prosperity, and longevity.

 Star of Blessings, Fu Xing

Fu Xing is a star that the ancient Chinese thought was in charge of agriculture in China. Today, Fu Xing is generally shown as a court official with a characteristically "winged" hat, and often with a scepter in his hand. But he looked enormously different in an age-old drawing depicting 28 gods in early Tang dynasty (618-907 AD), where, with a tiger face and leopard eyes, sitting on a huge wild boar, he ranked as the head of the gods.
In the Tang Dynasty, Fu Xing (also called Yang Cheng) became a governor of Dazhou in Hunan of Central China. The emperor of his day found midgets amusing, and often conscripted them from Dazhou. When governor Yang learned that the midgets were unhappy to be taken away from their families, he stood up to the emperor and abolished the practice. Thus Yang became immortalized as one who brings blessings and happiness.

  The Character Fu

The character fu is "good fortune, blessings, happiness." It denotes being happy as the result of being lucky. The character is prominently displayed on doors, often upside-down, as "turn upside-down" and a word meaning "arrive" are homophones; in other words, to say "luck upside-down" sounds like "luck is coming."

  The Fu Culture

Fu means happiness, or good fortune. Through the ages, the understanding of the word has varied. In Li Ji (literally, Records of Rites), fu stands for success and also has the hidden meaning of business being smooth and everything going well. In the episode of Hong Fan, Book of Historical Records (Shang Shu), fu was interpreted in five ways ranging from longevity, wealth, and peace to virtue, and death without illnesses. In order to get the ultimate fu , a perfect life had to be pursued via following the five principles.

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