Archaeological site of the Neolithic
Location: Xinzheng, Henan Province
Period: 5,500-4,900 BC
Excavated in 1977
Significance: Peiligang Culture is named
after the Peiligang Site. The site has provided an important clue for the study
of the development of the early Neolithic cultures in the Central Plains, as
well as their relationships with the Yangshao Culture of the Central
|Stone saddle-quern and stone roller: implements for
grinding grains (up); Red pottery pot: water vessel (bottom, height 14.3
Peiligang Site covers an area of about
20,000 square meters. The eastern part of it is ruins of ancient villages; the
western part, tombs for clan members. After four excavations from 1977 to 1979,
archaeologists have discovered 114 tombs, 1 kiln, 10 pits and several broken
foundations of houses, together with which more than 400 pieces of cultural
relics were unearthed, including stone wares, potteries and bone wares. The
articles buried with the dead were mainly tools for production and daily use.
Peiligang Culture is named after the site.
Xinzheng lies in the center of Henan Province. It is a satellite city of
Zhengzhou, capital of
Henan. To the north is
Zhengzhou, to the east
Kaifeng, to the south Xuchang,
and to the west Luoyang.
Xinzheng is the birthplace of Huangdi, the
first ancestor of the Chinese people. 8,000 years ago the Peiligang Village of
Xincun Town was established in the city of Xinzheng. Huangdi made Xinzheng his capital
and began the fabulous Chinese culture. During the Spring and Autumn Period
(770-446 BC), the State of Zheng
and the State of Han made their
capital here in Xinzheng for hundreds of years. Xinzheng is listed as the first
of the Ten Ancient Capitals of China.