Sites in the period between the Paleolithic
and the Neolithic Age
County, Jiangxi Province
Period: 12,000- 9,000 BC
Excavated in 1962
Significance: The finds have provided important
material objects for the study of the early Paleolithic cultures, as well as the
origins of pottery and cultivated rice.
|Pottery jar: cooking vessel (up, remnant height is 18
cm); Pottery fragment with stripes: (bottom, 0.7 cm-1.2 cm
The Xianrendong site on Xiaohe Mountain, Wannian County, is in a narrow long basin surrounded
by high mountains. It is 3 meters above the river, its mouth facing south. In
1962 and 1964, 22 hearths and 3 trash pits in thick upper and lower cultural
levels had simple Early Neolithic potsherds, bone and clamshell tools, etc. The
Diaotonghuan Site, located in a cave 60 meters above the ground, is 800 meters
away from Xianrendong.
In 1993 and 1995, Chinese-American
archaeologists tested and sampled Xianrendong and Diaotonghuan. Upper and lower
levels are of different time periods. Rough sandy potsherds in the upper level
are rubbed, while perforated shell tools are bigger, with 1-2 holes. The lower
level has snails and other aqueous fauna, but no potsherds, while stone tools
are mostly small and thin with 1 hole. Diaotonghuan upper and lower levels'
average thickness exceeded 2 meters, with many ground stone and bone tool, some
perforated and many faunal remains. Its lower level has similar remains to