founder of China's first irrigation work, was once a military officer in the
during the Warring States Period (475-221BC). He later became a magistrate of Ye
(present-day Zhang County in Heibei Province of Central China) during the ruling
of the Marquis Wen of the Wei
Marquis Wen was
in power from 446BC to 396BC when Ye was affected by frequent floods. When Ximen
Bao took up office at Ye, he came upon a local sorcery wherein a maiden was
sacrificed every year as a bride for the so-called River God. Ximen Bao soon
made a law to stop the sorcery, but the witch and the corrupt local official
provoked the masses against him. Ximen Bao made researches himself on the
conditions of the river and told people the truth. He turned the witch's trick
to her own use, throwing the witch and corrupt official into the river.
After that Ximen
Bao worked to bring the river under control and built 12 irrigation canals along
the Zhangshui River.
Since then flood seldom occurred and local agriculture production flourished.
Ximen Bao was regarded as the founder of China's irrigation works for building
the first canal irrigation system in Chinese