Hou Ji, Chinese Prince Millet, was
said to be the ancestor of the Western Zhou Dynasty (11 century to 771BC) that
followed the Shang Dynasty (17 century to 11 century BC). He was supposedly a
high official in charge of agriculture during the reigns of Yao and Shun -- the
legendary emperors in ancient times.
According to Chinese legend, Hou Ji was
originally a hero of royal descent. His ancestor was the Yellow Emperor. He was
said to be the first person who grew millet and wheat in China. He also taught
people how to grow crops.
Hou Ji was worshiped by generations of
Chinese farmers as Primogenitor for bringing agricultural knowledge to the
Chinese. Tang, the founder of the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1066 BC), made him
Prince of the Millet. In Western Zhou Dynasty, all officials in charge of
agriculture were called Hou Ji in honor of Huo Ji's contribution to