Niujie Mosque is located at Xuanwu District of Beijing City. It is the largest
and oldest mosque in Beijing City. From the cultural perspective, it is a sign
of the spread of Islam in China in the early period. It was originally built in
the 14th year (996) during the Tonghe reign of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125).
The buildings in the mosque are symmetrically arranged. The main buildings
include the Wangyue Pavilion, the Worship Hall, the Stele Pavilion, and so on.
Many important cultural relics, such as steles from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
and cupreous hollowware from the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), are preserved in the
mosque. From the past to the present, Muslims come here to bathe and warship
everyday. Especially on Islamic festivals, native and foreign Muslims gather
here and celebrate the festivals together. Now Niujie is the residential place
for more than 13,000 Muslims in Beijing City. Because Muslims mainly eat beef,
there are a large number of stores selling beef and restaurants providing foods
made of beef. Therefore, this place is called Niujie (Beef