China National Radio (CNR), the national
broadcasting station of the People's Republic of China, was founded on December
12, 1940 in Yan'an, a revolutionary base of the Chinese Communist Party in
Shaanxi Province. Formerly known as the Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station, the
radio station got its current name on December 5, 1949. It expanded into six
channels in 1984, offering 96 broadcast hours per day and 107 hours from
CNR now operates eight channels,
broadcasting 156 hours of programs in total every day. The first channel,
covering all parts of China, mainly provides news in Mandarin. Its second
channel focuses on economy and science. The third concentrates on stereo
entertainment programs. The fourth targets listeners in Beijing and the fifth
and sixth target listeners in Taiwan Province. The seventh channel targets
listeners in the Pearl River Delta and also its signals cover the Hong Kong and
Macao SARs. The eighth channel targets listeners of minority nationalities in
The first, second and third channels
broadcast in Mandarin; the fourth and eighth in Chinese, Mongolian, Tibetan,
Korean, Uygur language and Kazak language; the fifth and sixth in the Southern
Min Dialect; and the seventh in Cantonese.
To date, CNR has set up 39 reporter
stations across China and established business cooperation with broadcasting
stations in more than 40 countries and regions.
CNR boasts more than 650 million regular
listeners in the world, and it has become the biggest national broadcasting
station in terms of the number of listeners.