The climate here is
damp monsoon climate of south subtropical zone.
It is moist and rainy, providing favorable conditions for plants to grow. The
temperature is quite different in summer and in winter. The annual average
temperature is 20.9℃. The average temperature in July, the hottest month, is
28.0℃ with the
extremely highest temperature of 38.0℃. In contrast, the average
temperature in January, the coldest month here, is 12.6℃ with the extremely lowest
temperature of 0.2℃
below zero. The annual precipitation tops 1.929 millimeters. The annual relative
humidity averages 82%. July, August and September are typhoon months and about 4
typhoons hit the region every year.
Dinghu Mountain is one of the four famous mountains -- Danxia,
Dinghu, Xiqiao and Luofu in Guangdong Province. Dinghu Mountain has more than 10
peaks such as Dinghu, Sanbao, Fenglai, Jilong, Fuhu and Qingshi. The peaks are
about 500 meters above sea level. The highest peak is Jilong with an altitude of
1,003 meters. There is over 900 meters in terms of altitude between the highest
peak and the lowest one. There is red soil in each zone in the Reserve. Yellow
soil and grassy marshland are vertically distributed in the Reserve. Two streams
rising in Jilong Mountain run perennially from northwest to southeast and join
at the entrance of Dinghu Mountain National Natural Reserve before flowing into
The forest coverage in the Reserve reaches 78%. Evergreen
broad-leaved forests of south subtropical zone
with a history of 400 years are well protected. As top vegetation in the monsoon
zone, they are precious natural heritage belonging to China and the whole world.
The vegetation is vertically distributed with rich and conspicuous features into
several types including monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forests and mountainous
evergreen broad-leaved forests.
There are abundant animal and plant
resources with great variety. More than 2,400 species of plants are distributed
here, and of these species, about 1,700 higher plants including 320 xyplants and
over 900 plants for medicine, 110 fibrous plants and 70 oil plants among which
22 rare, precious and endangered plants under the special state protection
including Lichi chinensis and Cycas spp. In addition, there are more than 170
species of birds, 30 species of animals and 20 species of pythons, among which
leopards, serows and silver pheasants are under the state protection. Silver
pheasant is the official bird of Guangdong Province.