| Hu Yaobang
Hu was born on November 20, 1915, to a poor peasant family in Central China's Hunan Province. He joined the CPC in September, 1933.
At the landmark Third Plenum of the 11th CPC Central Committee in December 1978, Hu was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
In February, 1980, Hu was elected general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, a post he took again in September 1982.
In November 1987, he was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. Hu died in April, 1989, of a heart attack.
After leading the CPC Central Committee Organization Department at the end of 1977, Hu helped correct numerous misjudged cases during the "cultural revolution" (1966-1976).
Hu never received higher education, but he always stressed the importance of knowledge and intellectuals for a modern China.
"Without intellectuals," he once said, "we could not achieve the four modernizations in industry, agriculture, national defence and science and technology."
Editor: Xu Xinlei