| Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001) was born in Haicheng, Liaoning Province. Zhang was the oldest son of the warlord Chang Tso-lin, who dominated Manchuria and parts of North China. In his youth Zhang was prepared for a military career and joined his father's army to learn artillery in 1919.When he graduated in 1920, he rose swiftly through the ranks，from battalion commander，colonel，brigadier to major general. In 1928, Zhang was the chief of staff of Northeast Frontier Defense Army, and chairman of Northeast Council. In 1931 he became vice-chairman of the Military Affairs Department of the National Government of the republic of China.
In 1934, Zhang became Commander-in-Chief of the “Communist Suppression” Army in Hubei-Henan-Anhui. Then he became the director of the Military Affairs Department in Wuchang. Zhang was awarded the full general in 1935. On November 12th, 1936, he and Yang Hucheng launched the famous Sian Incident and compelled Chiang Kai-Shek to stop the Civil War. They put forward eight policies for resisting Japan and saving the nation. They removed the general headquarters of “Communist suppression” Army and formed Military Affairs Department of the Northwest Anti-Japanese Amalgamated Army of and became the director of it. After the Sian Incident was peacefully solved，Zhang returned to Nanking with Chiang Kai-shek, who soon placed him under house arrest. He was in captivity all the way through from Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hainan to Guizhou and was deprived of freedom.
In 1945，Chiang declared the resignation of Zhang. In 1948, Zhang was taken to Taiwan and continued to be kept under house arrest. Although the government reportedly dismissed house arrest in the early 1960s, Chang remained at his home near Taipei until 1991, when he traveled to the United States, and then settled in Hawaii. Zhang passed away in Honolulu, 2001.
Editor: Wang Moyan